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Maize

Maize

Maize is the second most important cereal crop in Asia, not only as a staple food, but also as a major component of feeds for the animal industry.

Many forms of maize are used for food, sometimes classified as various subspecies related to the amount of starch each had (Flour corn : Zea mays var. amylacea, Pop corn: Zea mays var. everta, Dent corn: Zea mays var. indentata, etc).

The 2.3-billion-base sequence — the largest genetic blueprint yet worked out for any plant species — includes more than 32,000 protein-coding genes spread across maize's 10 chromosomes. Sections of DNA called transposable elements, which can move around the genome and cause mutations, are the most abundant parts of the sequence, spanning almost 85% of the genome.


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Update: 18 Jul 2014
Creation date: 22 Jun 2010
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