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2017

International,  ACL (papers with reading comittee)

Plant Genome, 2017, 10 (2)

26 Feb 2017   Physical Map of the Short Arm of Bread Wheat Chromosome 3D

Holušová, K. ; Vrána ; Šafář ; Šimková ; Balcárková ; Frenkel, Z. ; Darrier, B. ; Paux, E. ; Cattonaro, F. ; Berges, H. ; Letellier, T. ; Alaux, M. ; Doležel ; Bartoš

Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is one of the most important crops worldwide. Although a reference genome sequence would represent a valuable resource for wheat improvement through genomics-assisted breeding and gene cloning, its generation has long been hampered by its allohexaploidy, high repeat content, and large size. As a part of a project coordinated by the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium (IWGSC), a physical map of the short arm of wheat chromosome 3D (3DS) was prepared to facilitate reference genome assembly and positional gene cloning. It comprises 869 contigs with a cumulative length of 274.5 Mbp and represents 85.5% of the estimated chromosome arm size. Eighty-six Mbp of survey sequences from chromosome arm 3DS were assigned in silico to physical map contigs via next-generation sequencing of bacterial artificial chromosome pools, thus providing a high-density framework for physical map ordering along the chromosome arm. About 60% of the physical map was anchored in this single experiment. Finally, 1393 high-confidence genes were anchored to the physical map. Comparisons of gene space of the chromosome arm 3DS with genomes of closely related species [Brachypodium distachyon (L.) P. Beauv., rice (Oryza sativa L.), and sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] and homeologous wheat chromosomes provided information about gene movement on the chromosome arm.

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Update: 23 Aug 2018
Creation date: 28 Feb 2018
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